Data from the World Health Organization show that violence is occurring earlier and earlier in women’s lives. A new report developed by the World Health Organization and other international entities , called “Global, Regional and National Estimates on Close Partner Violence against Women and Global and Regional Estimates of Sexual Violence from Non-Partners”, revealed that 25% of teenagers and young people, aged 15 to 24, have already been victims of gender-based violence”.
Despite the efforts of governments and civil society, the global number of violence against women remains around a third, with no change or improvement over the last decade. And the aggressor is, in most cases, a partner or a person known to the victim. According to WHO, violence against women is endemic in all countries and cultures and affects millions of women and families. And the Covid-19 pandemic only made the situation worse.
Violence against women is greatest in low-income countries. About 37% of citizens aged 15 to 49 in poor nations have suffered physical or sexual violence from a partner. And in some countries, this number goes up to half.
The regions of Oceania, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa had the highest rates among women aged 15 to 49 years. The smallest occurred in Europe (16% to 23%), Central Asia (18%), East Asia (20%) and Southeast Asia (21%).
In Latin America and the Caribbean and North America, the rate is 25% each.
The least violent region is southern Europe with 16%.
For UN agencies, preventing violence requires facing socioeconomic inequalities, access to education and safe work, in addition to changing norms and discriminatory institutions. Among the measures that countries need to promote and implement are equal salaries for men and women who perform the same function.
Technology in Fighting Violence
Luxembourg, France, Portugal and Spain, what do these countries have in common? In all of them, the aggressors started to wear electronic ankle bracelets that prevent them from getting close to their victims, so that they are permanently monitored.
And the result of using this technology has brought positive results in combating deaths from domestic violence.
In Portugal, the use of this device for perpetrators of domestic violence has increased from year to year. According to data from the Portuguese General Directorate of Reinsertion and Prison Services, in August 2021 more than 1,400 aggressors used the electronic apparatus.